1. What is time management?
Time management is to use time effectively and reduce variability. The purpose of time management: decide what to do and what not to do. The most important function of time management is to use advance planning as a reminder and guide.
2. Prerequisites for time management
Early to bed and early to rise: The season of the year is spring, and the day of the day is morning. Studies have shown that the state of human beings in the morning is the most suitable for learning. As for how to get up, it is best not to use an alarm clock, because it hurts your body. You can try to open the curtains a bit while you sleep, and let the light wake you up. This is also for your health.
Develop habits: Of course, habit cannot be developed in a day, but elites will turn others' good habits into their own. It’s a good habit to write a diary. By getting up early and writing a diary, you can summarize the gains of the previous day and you can also introspect.
Cherish the brain: Your brain is a CPU, not a hard disk. Memory is only the most basic function, and thinking is the advanced function of the brain. As the saying goes: "A good memory is not as good as a bad pen." To do a good job, you have to do the important things first and concentrate on doing it.
3. Time management methods
1. Four-quadrant method: divide what you want to do into four quadrants: Hierarchical planning is a very important skill in time management. This four-quadrant method is a typical example. You need to write down what you are going to do today and then classify them. The first quadrant is important and urgent. For example, the homework that is about to be completed today should be completed immediately. The second quadrant is important but not urgent. Things, such as preparing for the final exam, you need a plan to arrange, the third quadrant is urgent but not important but things, like a classmate asking you to go out to play, you need to compare the things in the first and second quadrants to consider implementation. The fourth quadrant is something that is not important or urgent. For example, if your classmates ask you to arrange an offline party next week, you must learn to refuse such things.
2. Plan management: There are many types of plans, but the most important thing is to-do list, daily plan, weekly plan, and monthly plan. To-do list: Make a list of the things you need to do every day, prioritize them, confirm the need but completion time, remember to highlight the key points, and try to complete all the things on the to-do list, so that the things on the to-do list are completed today.
Daily/weekly/monthly plan: make a work plan for the next year at the end of each year; make a work plan for the next quarter at the end of each quarter; make a work plan for the next month at the end of each month; make a work plan for the next week every weekend. The plan must be alive. Don't be too greedy to fill up your plan. Only 60-80% will be enough, and the rest will be left to the accidents. The plan can be graded by abcd. Refer to the four-quadrant method to analyze the difference between your actual working time and the planned time. Try to make yourself better but use your time better.
* American management scholar Peter Drucker (P·F·Drucker) believes that effective time management is mainly to record one's own time to recognize where the time is spent; manage one's time and try to reduce unproductive work Time; Concentrate one's own time, from sporadic to concentrated, into a continuous period of time.
3. Uncertainty: I believe this must be a problem that plagues many time managers. In time management, uncertainty is a very common problem. After all, is change always faster than planned? These are the three things I have compiled to deal with accidents. I hope to help you. Set aside time for all plans, and then adjust them as you slowly accumulate.
It is not impossible to try to let yourself learn to learn without leaving room for interference.
Then prepare a set of emergency plans for yourself, must have the main content, force yourself to complete.
Fourth, the third law and the second law: I will not explain in detail here, you can cooperate with these golden laws to better arrange your time:
Almost 80% of results in life stem from 20% of actions. (If you want to be comprehensive, it is better to make breakthroughs. 80% of the resources are spent on 20% of the key benefits, and this 20% can drive the development of the remaining 80%.)
The time required for a job to be completed is automatically extended to the time you allocate to it.
The difficulty of any job is proportional to the square of the number of steps it performs.
If you have a task that takes less than two minutes to complete, then you should complete it right away, not postpone it.
The law of batch processing.
Don't switch between multiple tasks. Set a fixed time every week to complete one task at a time.
5. Time management APP:
There are many time management apps on the market, and the one I recommend most is the Pomodoro TODO app, which is a Chinese software and also has English language. This software has almost all kinds of things you want. The time management methods I described can all be implemented with the help of this software. My favorite is the lock mode and whitelist management of this software. You can make important connections. Put the software on the whitelist to better control your habit of wasting time.
Well, this is Ding Ruiqi, I hope this article can be helpful to you.